PNG (Portable Network Graphics) Specification, Version 1.2

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18. References

Hall, Roy, Illumination and Color in Computer Generated Imagery. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989. ISBN 0-387-96774-5.

Kasson, J., and W. Plouffe, "An Analysis of Selected Computer Interchange Color Spaces", ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol 11 no 4 (1992), pp 373-405.

Lilley, C., F. Lin, W.T. Hewitt, and T.L.J. Howard, Colour in Computer Graphics. CVCP, Sheffield, 1993. ISBN 1-85889-022-5.

Stone, M.C., W.B. Cowan, and J.C. Beatty, "Color gamut mapping and the printing of digital images", ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol 7 no 3 (1988), pp 249-292.

Travis, David, Effective Color Displays--Theory and Practice. Academic Press, London, 1991. ISBN 0-12-697690-2.

Poynton, Charles, A Technical Introduction to Digital Video. John Wiley & Sons, 1996. ISBN 0-471-12253-X.

Poynton, C., "Gamma FAQ".

The International Color Consortium

International Organization for Standardization, "Code for the representation of names of languages", 1st edition, 1988.

International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission, "Information Technology--ISO 7-bit Coded Character Set for Information Exchange", 1991.

International Organization for Standardization, "Information Processing Systems--Data Communication High-Level Data Link Control Procedure--Frame Structure", IS 3309, October 1984, 3rd Edition.

International Organization for Standardization, "Photography--Illumination Conditions for Viewing Colour Transparencies and their Representation", IS 3664, 1975.

International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission, "Information Technology--8-bit Single-Byte Coded Graphic Character Sets--Part 1: Latin Alphabet No. 1", IS 8859-1, 1998.
Also see sample files at*

International Organization for Standardization and International Electrotechnical Commission, "Information Technology--Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS)--Part 1: Architecture and Basic Multilingual Plane", 1993.
See also "The Unicode Standard" published by the Unicode Consortium
and RFC 2279 (F. Yergeau, "UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646", January 1998)

International Telecommunications Union, "Basic Parameter Values for the HDTV Standard for the Studio and for International Programme Exchange", ITU-R Recommendation BT.709 (formerly CCIR Rec. 709), 1990.

International Telecommunications Union, "Error-correcting Procedures for DCEs Using Asynchronous-to-Synchronous Conversion", ITU-T Recommendation V.42, 1994, Rev. 1.

Randers-Pehrson, G., et. al., "MNG (Multiple-image Network Graphics Format) Version 0.95", the latest version of which is available in various formats at

Paeth, A.W., "Image File Compression Made Easy", in Graphics Gems II, James Arvo, editor. Academic Press, San Diego, 1991. ISBN 0-12-064480-0.

PNG Group, "Extensions to the PNG 1.2 Specification, Version 1.2.0". The latest version of this document is available in various formats from*

Adobe Systems Incorporated, PostScript Language Reference Manual, 2nd edition. Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1990. ISBN 0-201-18127-4.

Braden, R., Editor, "Requirements for Internet Hosts--Application and Support", STD 3, RFC 1123, USC/Information Sciences Institute, October 1989.

Harald T. Alvestrand, "Tags for the Identification of Languages", RFC 1766, UNINETT, March 1995.

Deutsch, P. and J-L. Gailly, "ZLIB Compressed Data Format Specification version 3.3", RFC 1950, Aladdin Enterprises, May 1996.

Deutsch, P., "DEFLATE Compressed Data Format Specification version 1.3", RFC 1951, Aladdin Enterprises, May 1996.

Freed, N., and N. Borenstein, "Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part One: Format of Internet Message Bodies", RFC 2045, Innosoft, First Virtual, November 1996.

Freed, N., Klensin, J., and J. Postel, "Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Four: Registration Procedures", RFC 2048, Innosoft, MCI, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November 1996.

Bradner, Scott, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, Harvard University, March 1997.

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, "Television--Composite Analog Video Signal--NTSC for Studio Applications", SMPTE-170M, 1994.

Stokes, Michael, Matthew Anderson, Srinivasan Chandrasekar, and Ricardo Motta, A Standard Default Color Space for the Internet - sRGB.

The key portions of this document are being adopted with revisions into:

International Electrotechnical Commission, "Colour Measurement and Management in Multimedia Systems and Equipment - Part 2-1: Default RGB Colour Space - sRGB", IEC 61966-2-1.

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